AIDS and Behavior
2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-012-0351-6
Recruitment of Urban US Women at Risk for HIV Infection and Willingness to Participate in Future HIV Vaccine Trials
Barbara Metch, Ian Frank, Richard Novak, Edith Swann, David Metzger, Cecilia Morgan, Debbie Lucy, Debora Dunbar, Parrie Graham and Tamra Madenwald, et al.
Enrollment of US women with sufficient risk of HIV infection into HIV vaccine efficacy trials has proved challenging. A cohort of 799 HIV-negative women, aged 18–45, recruited from three US cities was enrolled to assess recruitment strategies based on geographic risk pockets, social and sexual networks and occurrence of sexual concurrency and to assess HIV seroincidence during follow-up (to be reported later). Among enrolled women, 90% lived or engaged in risk behaviors within a local risk pocket, 64% had a male partner who had concurrent partners and 50% had a male partner who had been recently incarcerated. Nearly half (46%) were recruited through peer referral. At enrollment, 86% of women said they were willing to participate in a vaccine efficacy trial. Results indicate that participant and partner risk behaviors combined with a peer referral recruitment strategy may best identify an at-risk cohort willing to participate in future trials.